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金属矿山 2010, Vol. 39 Issue (2) :137-140+162    DOI:
安全与环保 最新目录 | 下期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 << Previous Articles | Next Articles >>
河北省环境综合承载力研究
高太忠,杨柳,闫兰娜,肖云川
河北科技大学
Study on Comprehensive Environmental Bearing Capacity in Hebei Province
 GAO  Tai-Zhong, YANG  Liu, YAN  Lan-Na, XIAO  Yun-Chuan
Hebei University of Science and Technology

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摘要 环境承载力理论的研究,对于指导人类社会经济活动,协调人类发展与环境的关系,具有十分重要而迫切的现实意义。论述了环境承载力概念的发展过程,并从“容量”、“阈值”和“能力”3方面介绍了环境承载力定义,指出了环境承载力具有的主要特征。在此基础上,对目前国内外用于环境承载力定量化研究的方法进行了介绍。以河北省为例,介绍了河北省概况,具体分析讨论了河北省综合环境承载力,运用环境承载率评价法把河北省环境综合承载力分成水环境承载力,土地承载力,大气环境承载力和城市声环境承载力4个单要素进行了研究,其承载率分别为2.37,0.84,0.579,0.946。运用加权平均法计算得出石家庄市综合环境承载率为1.4。提高河北省综合环境承载力提出了建议。
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高太忠
杨柳
闫兰娜
肖云川
关键词环境综合承载力   水环境承载力   土地承载力   大气环境承载力   声环境承载力     
Abstract: To study the theories of environmental carrying capacity is of significance in reality for directing economic behaviors for human beings and harmonizing the relationships between social development and environment.The definition of environmental carrying capacity was introduced from the aspects of “capacity”, “threshold” and “capability”, and the main features of the environmental bearing capacity are pointed out.On the basis of these, the application of the quantification methods of environmental carrying capacity at domestic was introduced.Taking Hebei as an example, the general situation of Hebei province was introduced, the integrated environmental bearing capacity was discussed specifically, and the four single factors of environmental bearing rate on water environment, land, atmosphere and urban sound were determined to be 6.97, 0.87, 0.561 and 0.921 respectively by evaluating of environmental bearing rate.And the weighted average was adopted to calculate the rate of integrated environmental carrying capacity as 3.24 so as to make policies and proposals for improving the integrated environmental bearing capacity in Hebei.
KeywordsComprehensive environmental bearing capacity   Water environmental bearing capacity       Land carrying capacity   Atmospheric environment carrying capacity   Sound environment carrying capacity      
Fund:

河北省社会科学基金项目(编号:HB09BYJ042),河海大学水文水资源与水利工程科学国家重点实验室开放基金项目(编号:2005409311),河北省环境工程重点学科项目。

引用本文:   
高太忠, 杨柳, 闫兰娜, 肖云川.河北省环境综合承载力研究[J]  金属矿山, 2010,V39(2): 137-140+162
GAO Tai-Zhong, YANG Liu, YAN Lan-Na, XIAO Yun-Chuan.Study on Comprehensive Environmental Bearing Capacity in Hebei Province[J]  METAL MINE, 2010,V39(2): 137-140+162
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